If you’re not living under the cave, you must have seen the news making rounds. Nobel prizes were announced. While eminent scholars got it in their respective fields, Nobel Peace Prize, announced by Kaci Kullmann Five, Chair of the Norwegian Nobel Committee made some news.
The 2015 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet.
And like most, I didn’t know who they are. Here’s what you should know about them.
What is Quartet?
It’s a coalition, which is composed of four organized groups representing laborers, lawyers, human rights activists and employers, has been working since 2013 to re-establish democratization in a war-torn country.
Why the Quartet?
Quoting from the official announcement, “for its decisive contribution to the building of a pluralistic democracy in Tunisia in the wake of the Jasmine Revolution of 2011.”
Wait. What Jasmine Revolution?
Well, during the Arab Spring, which is when many of the Middle Eastern and North African Nation were involved in huge demonstration and public protest against the ill rule of ruling government which was most probably headed by a dictator or monarch who had held the post for ever. Something similar happened in Tunisia where people protested against their then President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali.
Ok. So what’s the role of the Quartet?
The New York Times puts it: “Among the disappointments of what has become known as the Arab Spring — collapsed states in Libya, Syria and Yemen; the return of rule by a military strongman in Egypt; and the rise of the Islamic State in the sectarian caldron of Syria and Iraq — the relative success of Tunisia’s transition to democracy has been a wisp of hope.”
So there you have it, a successful transition to democracy has been the main achievement of this Quartet.
Why is this important anyway?
It’s important because in recent years, save for last year when it was awarded to Malala Yousafzai and Kailash Satyarthi, has been reduced to a political statement where organizations like EU and Individual like Barack Obama who may not be the best choice for Nobel Peace Prize have been awarded so.
The announcement also comes on wake of events of turbulence in middle east which is still combating ISIS and spate of suicide bombing, most recently in Turkey which left 86 dead.
The Nobel Peace Prize will not only make Tunisians more determined for a peaceful transition but also send a message to whole Middle-East that if people are determined, change can be happen.